The primary objective of a wine cellar should be to to store wine properly and to retain or increase the value of the inventory and collection whereas the objective of a wine room may be to entertain and display the collection or wine paraphernalia.
A wine room therefore; can be any space within the home to incorporate wine storage aimed at short term storage such as wine refrigerators, racking and cabinets. There are several wine refirigeration appliances – some that will boast longer storage capabilities than others and this is critical to research in the design phase depending on your intentions and expectations for wine preservation. A wine room design will vary depending on its location within the home, the intended use and storage capacity and the general interior design schematic or theme.
A wine cellar is a 100% sealed room completely independent of the rest of your home with a different environment altogether. It must be a space with little to no change or fluctuation in temperature and humidity to begin with (even before installing climate control units). It must also be a room that has minimal exposure to vibration.
Considerations for Your Wine Cellar Design
Temperature and Lighting
Temperature is an important factor and consideration in wine storage. In general, a wine has a greater potential to develop complexity and a more aromatic bouquet if it is allowed to age slowly in a relatively cool room. The lower the temperature, the more slowly a wine develops. If the wine is exposed to too high a temperature (in excess of 77 °F (25 °C)) for long periods of time, it may spoil. The exact length of time that a wine is at risk of exposure to high temperatures will vary depending on the wine. It is generally accepted that wine be kept at constant temperatures between 50 and 59 °F (10 and 15 °C). There are a variety of specialty climate control units one can purchase and install within the wall cavity of the typical wine cellar that will enable a controlled environment specifically for wine storage. These units will ventilate to the outside of the wine cellar, must be sealed both inside and outside of the wine cellar where they meet the framing.